The next step is to begin the schedule network analysis after the project schedule has been prepared in the develop schedule process. You will be familiar with the various schedule network analysis forms, including Critical Path, Schedule Compression and What-if Scenario Analysis.
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Resource leveling, as we mentioned above, is another technique for scheduling network analysis. We will be discussing the details of Resource Leveling in this article.
What are the benefits?
As explained in Project Management Professional Certification courses, resource leveling is used to create a schedule with limited resources. Projects are often limited by resources. This is a great way to balance your resources and adjust the start and end dates of activities.
Even though there is no mandatory dependency between project activities, because you have limited resources, these activities could depend on your project resources. For example, the development and maintenance of a category page and login screen are independent activities within a software project. However, you might only have a few software engineers on the project. It is possible that the same software engineering will be responsible for both of these development tasks. These tasks must be completed in order. This is done by resource leveling.
Resource leveling allows you to see the peaks or valleys in resource use in a project. For example, you might decide that 10 engineers will be needed in the first month, and 7 in the second month, etc.
Resource Leveling Example
Let’s now look at a sample to better understand the concept of resource leveling.
Let’s say that there are three activities that must be completed in one project.
Tom and Sue will be working on Activity A for one day.
Sue will be working on Activity B for 1 Day
After Activity A and Activity B are completed, Activity C may be started.
Tom will perform Activity C.
As you can see, Activity A is independent of Activity B. These tasks can usually be done simultaneously. Sue cannot do Activity A and Activity B simultaneously. Sue can then start working on Activity B the next day. Tom can then start working on Activity C the third day after Activity A and B are completed. This is an example of resource leveling.
The Resource Leveling technique is a useful tool to manage projects. In real life, you might not always have the resources required for a project. This technique will allow you to balance your resources and ensure that your project activities are completed on time.
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